Rock of the 70s (part 1)
Rock and roll, and later the so-called “avant-garde”, corresponded in time to riots that shocked the foundations of society. Alain Dister, author of the book “English Rock”: “Rock, which invaded the life of society, operates deeply. They judge him by his superficial, external manifestations, by his clothes, and do not willingly notice what is hidden behind this painted facade: traditional values, such as the army, politics, religion, are questioned, and a new look at the relationship between people has arisen … Rock is communication. He is the sound background of a generation who identifies with him. ”
In the early 70’s there was a crisis of the rock scene. Rock turned into a shop in the shop of exotic goods with a showcase in the whole wall. Rock is becoming more and more commercial music, there is a complete departure from the spiritual roots of rock, born and created for rebellion.
The new generation, which replaced the generation of the 60s, required its own self-expression, which denied the current state of things.
By the mid-70s, there was a need for the emergence of something new – rebellious and protesting. That was punk.
The first punk rockers shouting “Everyone can play this music!” Jumped in England in 1975. Punk rock was a man, but he could not get out of basements and small clubs – there was no leader.
The historic event took place on October 10, 1976: Terry Slater from EMI entered the London Club 100 Club. The Sex Puzzles band performed at the bar, Terry Slater presented how she might look in front of a large audience, and offered a contract. By that time, the group had already existed for a year, and the beginning of its career was promising: during a speech at St. Martin’s College in London, the director of a noble educational institution simply cut off electricity. By the time the contract was concluded, Sex Pistols were widely known in narrow circles.
Already after 2 months, EMI representatives said that the contract was a terrible mistake: “Sex Pistols” in the first, instantly becoming a classic of the genre, single “Anarchy in the United Kingdom” managed to offend the religious feelings of citizens. The next office to agree to work with Sex Pistols was A-and-M. The musicians recorded the second single, “God Save the Queen,” and on the eighth day of collaboration, the campaign’s commercial director managed to squeeze out only two words: “I changed my mind”.
Punk scandals could be found in any newspaper. Either a group of citizens beat Kid Reed from the Boys group on the street, then the Sex Pistols bassist Sid Visez beat his head to a music critic with a guitar, then a few days later the band’s vocalist Johnny Rotten was beaten on the street.
In England, it seems, there was not a single team left that could not resist the temptations of punk rock – everyone, from purely commercial to unconditionally talented, stuck the prefix “punk” to the name. Films were made about punks, books were written about them, they became the subject of dissertations. Critics competed in wit, and I must say punks gave them a reason for this. However, a safety pin in his nose became a symbol of decilent.
First of all, the fact that punk was wild, spiteful, but still fresh in the wind attracted. It seemed that everything had already been tried, ahead of the music there was only a repetition of the past, and the punks delighted as the last riotous, scandalous, but honest holiday of the outgoing rock and roll. In fact, all punk turned out to be the style of one band. “Sex Pistols” brought him popularity, but they have exhausted all his possibilities. The second great punk band “Flash” – refers to this style only in appearance.
The third “whale” of punk – the “Suez and the Banshees” group – has even less relation to punks than “Clesh”. From the very beginning, it was a kind of branch of Sex Pistols for developing the least violent projects, but became famous for being the first to use that mysterious and gloomy – to the ominous – sound that brought fame to so many – from Kueh to Depeche Mode . For many, punk was generally just a lifestyle, not a musical direction.
With the collapse of Sex Pistols, punk also collapsed – each cut something from it. Some, like the Hawley Moses, brought its sharpness to the limit – and it turned out trash. Others, on the contrary, removed the sharpness, like Yu-2, and post-punk came out, still others simply cut their hair and put a pin in their nose – a “new wave” was born.
Of course, the 70s are not only remarkable for punk, especially since rock began to branch out in its development so that it is quite difficult to keep track of all its stages. One of the achievements of the 70s is the emergence of hard rock. As an independent direction, hard rock stood out in the late 60s, and due to the fact that in its finished form it was delivered to the listener by the outstanding guitarist Jimmy Hendricks, hard rock since then involves performing by virtuoso instrumentalists, which has benefited the music, and her fans.
Hard rock, like rock and roll in its time, was sharp and aggressive, but unlike punk, it implies good command of instruments, and in it aggressiveness is present not as dull bitterness at everything and everything, but as expressions aversion to the dark sides of man. Naturally, hard rock was not something completely new, it only absorbed the most vivid and expressive features of other directions, in hard rock you can see classical music, black blues, and rock and roll, at the same time hard rock brought a lot of innovations to the music. Hard rock performers in the lyrics began to study the dark corners of the human soul, raise philosophical topics, reflect occult knowledge, consider Christianity and Satanism. Hard rock was the first heavy-sounding musical direction. Hard rock originated from world-famous bands such as Deep Purple, Black Sabbath, and Led Zeppelin.
Truly the giants of hard rock are Deep Purple. Their story began in 1968, when the British rock scene was a very interesting picture. The “power of flowers”, the pinnacle of the hippie movement, has receded into the past. There were a lot of different kinds of music; instrumental plays by H. Montenegro, The Beatles, Louis Armstrong, Esther and Abi Ofarim coexisted in the charts. The scope of rock music has expanded. Attracting jazz or symphonic elements was still new, but was no longer surprising. Rock has not yet had time, as it is today, to dissect itself into different age, social, and cultural layers, when everyone is doing his own thing. The mutual influence was very strong. In February 1968, three English musicians decided to create a new group. These were John Lord, Ian Pace, and Ritchie Blackmore. All three were quite famous in the world of English rock. Drummer Jan Pace, who was barely 20 years old, has been playing with various bands since the beginning of the 60s. John Lord, an organist, studied classical music for a long time and seriously, tried his hand at the theater, then became interested in jazz, played a lot with rock ensembles, trying to find ways and means to combine his hobbies with classical and pop music. Lord, Pace and Blackmore invited bassist Nick Semiler and guitarist Rod Inans to record their first single, Hush. The album entered the top five in the USA in the summer of that year. Soon in the American charts, the first disc appeared – the giant of the group Deep Deep – The shades of Deep Purple. The next album, “The Book of Taliesyn”, draws Lord’s experimentation in bringing rock and classical music closer together. The Lord’s “Concert” was the rare occasion when an attempt to combine rock and “academic” music was equally enthusiastically received by fans of both music. A live recording from Albert Hall was released on a record. By the way, “Concert” was not the only such experience of the Lord.
For millions of listeners, the “Godfather” of the genre – if not strictly chronologically, then spiritually – became the ensemble “Deep Purple”. Everything appeared in the band’s handwriting, which was then used by other metal groups – volume, as an aesthetic component, simple riffs, guitars and bass – guitars, often played in unison, characteristic vocals, powerful drum motor. What distinguishes Deep Purple from its followers is its willingness to constantly absorb new things that appear in other genres, openness to other musical influences. Neither “Deep Purple”, nor “Led Zeppelin”, nor “Black Sabbath” also stood at the ideological origins of heavy metal isolation did not differ. Maybe that’s why a lot in their music is interesting today.
In the mid-70s, a new style of rock music began to emerge – heavy metal. Logically, he continues the ideas of hard rock, singling out from the music of hard rock bands extremely powerful guitar riffs, brought to the virtuosity of solos and cannonade drums. The impetus for the appearance of heavy metal was the work of the band “Black Sabbath”. “Black Sabbath”, unlike other hard rock bands, achieved a heavier sound. Keyboards were completely excluded, folk tunes disappeared, no love songs, no orientation on hits capable of entering charts. The horrors and occult themes of songs became the hallmark of Black Sabbath, which unexpectedly became very popular among students. Actually there was nothing super-terrible in their songs – the lyrics looked more like fairy tales for adults. But heavy metal, like current they did not play, and such groups as “Judas Priest”, “Iron Maidan”, “Magnum” began to play it.